Chapter 21. Drug Trend Monitoring

  1. Peter G. Miller3,
  2. John Strang4,5 and
  3. Peter M. Miller6
  1. Paul Griffiths1 and
  2. Jane Mounteney1,2

Published Online: 16 FEB 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444318852.ch21

Addiction Research Methods

Addiction Research Methods

How to Cite

Griffiths, P. and Mounteney, J. (2010) Drug Trend Monitoring, in Addiction Research Methods (eds P. G. Miller, J. Strang and P. M. Miller), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444318852.ch21

Editor Information

  1. 3

    School of Psychology, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia

  2. 4

    National Addiction Centre Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, UK

  3. 5

    South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

  4. 6

    Center for Drug and Alcohol Programs, Medical University & South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Lisbon, Portugal

  2. 2

    Bergen Clinics Foundation, Bergen, Norway

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 FEB 2010
  2. Published Print: 2 APR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405176637

Online ISBN: 9781444318852



  • drug trend monitoring;
  • methodological evolution of drug monitoring;
  • International, national and local drug monitoring mechanisms;
  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC);
  • International Narcotics Control Board (INCB);
  • Community Epidemiological Working Group (CEWG);
  • challenges in monitoring illicit drug use;
  • ESPAD study group (European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs);
  • multiple indicators and mixed methods - challenges at data analysis stage;
  • drug information systems - practical rather than scientific accomplishment


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Point of departure – divergent policy perspectives, difficulties in definition and temporal relevance

  • International, national and local drug monitoring mechanisms

  • Challenges in monitoring illicit drug use

  • An overview of common information sources and some of their limitations

  • Issues for the interpretation and analysis of data

  • Mixed methods

  • Triangulation

  • Reliability and validity

  • Reflections in a broken mirror: Pragmatic and imperfect solutions to an intractable problem