Chapter One. The Biographical and Social Foundations of Horace's Poetic Voice1

  1. Gregson Davis
  1. David Armstrong Professor

Published Online: 8 FEB 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444319187.ch1

A Companion to Horace

A Companion to Horace

How to Cite

Armstrong, D. (2010) The Biographical and Social Foundations of Horace's Poetic Voice1, in A Companion to Horace (ed G. Davis), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444319187.ch1

Editor Information

  1. Andrew W. Mellon Distinguished Professor, Department of Classical Studies, Duke University, USA

Author Information

  1. University of Texas, Austin, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 8 FEB 2010
  2. Published Print: 12 MAR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405155403

Online ISBN: 9781444319187



  • biographical and social foundations of Horace's poetic voice;
  • Horace tells Augustus - story of the war between Zeus and the Olympians and the Giants;
  • First Pythian - venturing up scale of difficulty, in poetic imitation to the greatest height;
  • Zeus' wars and triumphs - over Titans and Giants and the king of Syracuse;
  • essay on Horace's biography - and its relation to his poetry;
  • Horace, publishing Odes 1–3 in 23 BCE;
  • “Freedmen” like Horace' father—libertini—in every economic class in Roman Empire;
  • brief digest of Suetonius' Life of Horace - his class, property, and standing;
  • equestrian iudex selectus - Horace, deliberately separates, as equestrian of rank, but moves in their circle;
  • favored poet of Augustus' new regime - publication of first books of odesin 23 BCE