Chapter Eleven. Horace: Odes 4

  1. Gregson Davis
  1. Michèle Lowrie Professor

Published Online: 8 FEB 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444319187.ch11

A Companion to Horace

A Companion to Horace

How to Cite

Lowrie, M. (2010) Horace: Odes 4, in A Companion to Horace (ed G. Davis), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444319187.ch11

Editor Information

  1. Andrew W. Mellon Distinguished Professor, Department of Classical Studies, Duke University, USA

Author Information

  1. University of Chicago, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 8 FEB 2010
  2. Published Print: 12 MAR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405155403

Online ISBN: 9781444319187



  • fourth book of Horace's Odes - a supplement to Odes 1–3;
  • Horace's last lyric book - revising his earlier composition in the genre;
  • Odes 4, looking back to Horace's first lyric collection - and intervening in Carmen Saeculare;
  • Odes 4.1, opening with the poet - expostulating against the goddess of love;
  • Horace's techniques for indicating a difference from Odes 1–3 - direct allusion;
  • rites dedicated to Venus in Odes 4.1 - performance, writing, and power of speech;
  • Odes 4.1 announcing return of Venus - and light sympotic-erotic poetry appropriate to this divinity;
  • communal voice and eclipse of light poetry;
  • aesthetics of praise - interpretive crux of Odes 4, book praising Augustus


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Overcoming resistance

  • Allusion and return

  • Performance, writing, and the power of speech

  • The communal voice and the eclipse of light poetry

  • The aesthetics of praise

  • Virtus, decorum, and morals