Chapter Three. Horace and Imperial Patronage

  1. Gregson Davis
  1. Phebe Lowell Bowditch Associate Professor

Published Online: 8 FEB 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444319187.ch3

A Companion to Horace

A Companion to Horace

How to Cite

Bowditch, P. L. (2010) Horace and Imperial Patronage, in A Companion to Horace (ed G. Davis), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444319187.ch3

Editor Information

  1. Andrew W. Mellon Distinguished Professor, Department of Classical Studies, Duke University, USA

Author Information

  1. University of Oregon, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 8 FEB 2010
  2. Published Print: 12 MAR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405155403

Online ISBN: 9781444319187



  • Horace and imperial patronage;
  • Horace constructing - various faces for himself, fashioning his self-image in response to different audiences;
  • role of imperial patronage in Horace's career - judicious, skeptical, treatment of autobiographical statements;
  • literary patronage in ancient Rome;
  • two books of Satires and the Epodes - displaying impact of Horace's patrons;
  • Horace contrasting between property ownership and hired labor - placing Horace, between the two poles;
  • Odes 1–3 - Horace's Odes, participating in socioeconomics of patronage;
  • rhetoric of the Odes - social practices, poetic figures and conventions connected to patronage;
  • recasting history of civil wars in religious terms - Roman Odes, serving to recreate Augustus;
  • Horace's first book of Epistles - richest sources of material on patronage in Latin literature


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Literary patronage in ancient Rome

  • The early years: portraits of patronage

  • The Odes 1-3

  • Epistles I

  • Carmen Saeculare, Odes 4, Epistle to Augustus