Chapter Nine. Female Figures in Horace's Odes

  1. Gregson Davis
  1. Ronnie Ancona Professor of Classics

Published Online: 8 FEB 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444319187.ch9

A Companion to Horace

A Companion to Horace

How to Cite

Ancona, R. (2010) Female Figures in Horace's Odes, in A Companion to Horace (ed G. Davis), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444319187.ch9

Editor Information

  1. Andrew W. Mellon Distinguished Professor, Department of Classical Studies, Duke University, USA

Author Information

  1. Hunter College and the Graduate Center (CUNY), USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 8 FEB 2010
  2. Published Print: 12 MAR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405155403

Online ISBN: 9781444319187



  • female figures in Horace's Odes;
  • female figures - in their guises, taking on wide range of images and functions in the Odes;
  • muses and other goddesses - real historical figures, as Sappho, Cleopatra, Livia, Octavia;
  • woman is other - and her body/gender/sexuality implicated in that otherness;
  • appearance of female figures in the Odes - being far more pervasive;
  • The Muses are, kind of necessary presence - maintaining Horace's poetic credentials;
  • female Muses “surround” Horace's lyric collection of Books 1–3;
  • Cleopatra, historical figure - Odes 1.37, full-scale attention to Cleopatra Ode;
  • female figures in the Odes - attention to Cleopatra “as woman ” in poem, being noteworthy;
  • female figures in the Love Odes - brief look


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Female figures defined

  • Categories and presence

  • Cleopatra, historical figure

  • Female figures in the Love Odes—a brief look

  • Conclusion