Chapter 3. Tort Law

  1. Dennis Patterson Professor2,3,4
  1. Stephen R. Perry

Published Online: 27 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444320114.ch3

A Companion to Philosophy of Law and Legal Theory, Second edition

A Companion to Philosophy of Law and Legal Theory, Second edition

How to Cite

Perry, S. R. (2010) Tort Law, in A Companion to Philosophy of Law and Legal Theory, Second edition (ed D. Patterson), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444320114.ch3

Editor Information

  1. 2

    European University Institute, Florence, Italy

  2. 3

    Rutgers University School of Law, Camden, New Jersey, USA

  3. 4

    Swansea University, Wales, United Kingdom

Author Information

  1. John J. O'Brien Professor of Law and Professor of Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania Law School, Philadelphia, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 JAN 2010
  2. Published Print: 19 MAR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405170062

Online ISBN: 9781444320114

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Keywords:

  • law of torts - imposing legal liability on persons, interfering with interests of other persons;
  • “liability” - not itself a legal remedy for harm inflicted;
  • different torts - recognized by common law;
  • Intention - offering one possible standard of liability;
  • tort of negligence - adopting as its standard of liability, objective negligence standard;
  • main theoretical justifications - for the law of torts;
  • three economic theory types - core ideas of internalization, deterrence and loss spreading;
  • economic theories of deterrence - powerful model, and potential justification;
  • rights-based theories and distributive justice;
  • George Fletcher, a rights-based theory of torts - for negligence and strict liability as standards of liability

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Economic Theories: Internalization

  • Economic Theories: Deterrence

  • Economic Theories: Loss Spreading

  • Rights-Based Theories and Distributive Justice

  • Rights-Based Theories and Corrective Justice

  • References