Chapter 14. Live/Real Time 3D Transesophageal Echocardiography

  1. Navin C. Nanda MD, FACC, FAHA Professor of Medicine Director1,2,
  2. Ming Chon Hsiung MD Physician Associate Researcher3,4,
  3. Andrew P. Miller MD, FACC, FAHA Assistant Professor of Medicine5,6 and
  4. Fadi G. Hage MD Assistant Professor6,7

Published Online: 14 MAY 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444320305.ch14

Live/Real Time 3D Echocardiography

Live/Real Time 3D Echocardiography

How to Cite

Nanda, N. C., Hsiung, M. C., Miller, A. P. and Hage, F. G. (2010) Live/Real Time 3D Transesophageal Echocardiography, in Live/Real Time 3D Echocardiography, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444320305.ch14

Author Information

  1. 1

    Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Heart Station/Echocardiography Laboratories University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA

  2. 2

    Echocardiography Laboratory, The Kirklin Clinic, University of Alabama Health Services Foundation Birmingham, AL, USA

  3. 3

    Division of Cardiology, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China

  4. 4

    Department of Medical Research and Education, Cheng Hsin General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China

  5. 5

    CardioVascular Associates, PC, Birmingham, AL, USA

  6. 6

    Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA

  7. 7

    Section of Cardiology, Birmingham Veteran's Administration Medical Center, Birmingham, AL, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 MAY 2010
  2. Published Print: 2 JUL 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405161411

Online ISBN: 9781444320305



  • live/real time 3D transesophageal echocardiography;
  • 3D transesophageal echocardiography (3DTEE) probe - of live/real time 3D imaging;
  • mitral valve prolapse - displaying graphically using available software;
  • chamber quantification - full-volume 3D dataset first acquired during 3DTEE exam;
  • valvular heart disease - 3DTEE dataset, vena contracta areas for stenotic and regurgitant valves;
  • powerful asset of 3D imaging - dataset cropped in obtaining any imaging plane;
  • 3DTEE in valvular lesion evaluation - and surgical planning;
  • live/real time 3D transesophageal echocardiographic assessment of valvular vegetations


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • How to do a 3DTEE

  • Offline analysis

  • Intraoperative applications

  • Guidance of percutaneous cardiac interventions and future directions

  • Summary

  • References