Chapter 6. Tricuspid and Pulmonary Valves

  1. Navin C. Nanda MD, FACC, FAHA Professor of Medicine Director1,2,
  2. Ming Chon Hsiung MD Physician Associate Researcher3,4,
  3. Andrew P. Miller MD, FACC, FAHA Assistant Professor of Medicine5,6 and
  4. Fadi G. Hage MD Assistant Professor6,7

Published Online: 14 MAY 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444320305.ch6

Live/Real Time 3D Echocardiography

Live/Real Time 3D Echocardiography

How to Cite

Nanda, N. C., Hsiung, M. C., Miller, A. P. and Hage, F. G. (2010) Tricuspid and Pulmonary Valves, in Live/Real Time 3D Echocardiography, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444320305.ch6

Author Information

  1. 1

    Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Heart Station/Echocardiography Laboratories University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA

  2. 2

    Echocardiography Laboratory, The Kirklin Clinic, University of Alabama Health Services Foundation Birmingham, AL, USA

  3. 3

    Division of Cardiology, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China

  4. 4

    Department of Medical Research and Education, Cheng Hsin General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China

  5. 5

    CardioVascular Associates, PC, Birmingham, AL, USA

  6. 6

    Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA

  7. 7

    Section of Cardiology, Birmingham Veteran's Administration Medical Center, Birmingham, AL, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 MAY 2010
  2. Published Print: 2 JUL 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405161411

Online ISBN: 9781444320305



  • tricuspid and pulmonary valves;
  • tricuspid valve, site of confluence between vast venous system and right heart;
  • tricuspid stenosis of tricuspid valve - rare clinical entity caused by rheumatic disease;
  • tricuspid regurgitation (TR) from clinical conditions;
  • tricuspid valve prolapse and 3DTTE - incremental value over 2DTTE techniques;
  • flail tricuspid valve - findings in tertiary care centers with cardiac transplant programs;
  • pulmonary regurgitation (PR) - lack of gold standard for assessing severity;
  • live 3D transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of tricuspid valve (TV) regurgitation;
  • 3DTTE measurements of PR - the 3DTTE being more quantitative


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Tricuspid stenosis

  • Tricuspid regurgitation

  • Pulmonary regurgitation

  • References