Chapter 28. Grounds and External Areas

  1. Jane M. Wiggins

Published Online: 9 JUN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444320466.ch28

Facilities Manager's Desk Reference

Facilities Manager's Desk Reference

How to Cite

Wiggins, J. M. (2010) Grounds and External Areas, in Facilities Manager's Desk Reference, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444320466.ch28

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 JUN 2010
  2. Published Print: 2 JUL 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405186612

Online ISBN: 9781444320466



  • grounds and external areas;
  • visually attractive external areas, good image - for employees, visitors and clients on premises;
  • gardening and maintenance of external areas - done in house or via specialist contractor;
  • British Standards, pertaining to landscaping operations;
  • expert help in landscaping operations - consulting a landscape architect;
  • Grounds Maintenance KPM, Record Sheet and Check List;
  • unhealthy trees, presenting a danger to public;
  • planning legislation, recognising importance of trees - and beauty of countryside;
  • FM team, attention to maintenance of steps, ramps and associated hand rails;
  • highest standard of car park management - participation in national Safer Parking Scheme (SPS)


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • External areas

  • In-house or contract-out landscaping maintenance

  • Landscaping standards

  • Landscape architects

  • Decay of trees

  • Damage to trees

  • Removal of trees and tree stumps

  • Ownership of trees

  • Spreading of roots and branches

  • Dangerous trees

  • Licence to plant

  • Tree preservation orders (TPOs)

  • Conservation areas

  • Internal planting

  • Artificial plants

  • Maintenance of hardstandings and external areas

  • Vegetation and planted areas

  • Boundary fencing

  • Brickwork walls

  • Grounds maintenance contract

  • Site footpaths and roads

  • Workplace parking

  • Parking policy

  • Car park categories

  • Car park design

  • Bicycle parking

  • Motorcycle parking

  • Car parking standards

  • Travel planning