Chapter 4. HIV/AIDS

  1. Kathy French RN, Cert Ed, BSc (Hons), MPhil, PG Dip, PhD member Sexual Health Adviser
  1. Caroline Rowe RGN, Post Grad Dip Gestalt Psychotherapy, Cert (Med) Ed Senior Lecturer staff nurse sister manager HIV nurse specialist sexual health adviser sexual health manager

Published Online: 30 NOV 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444322569.ch4

Sexual Health

Sexual Health

How to Cite

Rowe, C. (2009) HIV/AIDS, in Sexual Health (ed K. French), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444322569.ch4

Editor Information

  1. Royal College of Nursing, London, UK

Author Information

  1. Staffordshire University, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 NOV 2009
  2. Published Print: 3 APR 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405168311

Online ISBN: 9781444322569



  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - communicable disease associated worldwide with poor health;
  • HIV infection in adults;
  • role of CD4 cell - co-ordinating immune system to fight infection;
  • acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS);
  • epidemiology - combating worldwide HIV/AIDS epidemic;
  • HIV transmission;
  • blood to blood contact and mother to child transmission;
  • psychological effects of HIV;
  • HIV testing and screening;
  • stages of HIV infection


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Learning Outcomes

  • Background

  • Epidemiology

  • HIV Transmission

  • HIV Testing and Screening

  • Clinical Features Suggesting HIV Infection

  • Stages of HIV Infection

  • Medical Monitoring

  • Pharmacology

  • Adherence

  • Treatment Side Effects

  • Post-Exposure Prophylaxis

  • Psychosocial Aspects of HIV Care

  • Stigma, Discrimination and HIV

  • Psychological Effects of HIV

  • HIV Criminalisation

  • Conclusion

  • References

  • Useful Websites