Chapter 5. Ascites, Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis, Hyponatraemia and Hepatorenal Failure

  1. Suzanne Sargent MSc, PGC (TLHE), BSc (Hons), RGN Lecturer Practitioner
  1. Suzanne Sargent MSc, PGC (TLHE), BSc (Hons), RGN Lecturer Practitioner

Published Online: 14 DEC 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444322682.ch5

Liver Diseases: An essential guide for nurses and health care professionals

Liver Diseases: An essential guide for nurses and health care professionals

How to Cite

Sargent, S. (2009) Ascites, Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis, Hyponatraemia and Hepatorenal Failure, in Liver Diseases: An essential guide for nurses and health care professionals (ed S. Sargent), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444322682.ch5

Editor Information

  1. Institute of Liver Studies, Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

Author Information

  1. Institute of Liver Studies, Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 DEC 2009
  2. Published Print: 22 MAY 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405163064

Online ISBN: 9781444322682

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Keywords:

  • International Ascites Club (IAC);
  • Pathogenesis of ascites formation;
  • sympathetic nervous system (SNS);
  • renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system (RAAS);
  • international normalised ratio (INR);
  • serum ascites albumin gradient (SAAG);
  • Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt;
  • Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP);
  • Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS);
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Definition

  • Classification

  • Pathogenesis of ascites formation

  • Diagnosis

  • Treatment

  • Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

  • Hyponatraemia

  • Hepatorenal syndrome

  • Chapter summary

  • Illustrative case study