Chapter 13. Sea-Level Rise and Variability: Synthesis and Outlook for the Future

  1. John A. Church oceanographer11,
  2. Philip L. Woodworth former Director Chairman12,
  3. Thorkild Aarup PhD Senior Program Specialist technical secretary13 and
  4. W. Stanley Wilson Senior Scientist14
  1. John A. Church oceanographer11,
  2. Thorkild Aarup PhD Senior Program Specialist technical secretary13,
  3. Philip L. Woodworth former Director Chairman12,
  4. W. Stanley Wilson Senior Scientist14,
  5. Robert J. Nicholls1,
  6. Ralph Rayner2,
  7. Kurt Lambeck3,4,
  8. Gary T. Mitchum5,
  9. Konrad Steffen6,
  10. Anny Cazenave7,
  11. Geoff Blewitt8,
  12. Jerry X. Mitrovica9 and
  13. Jason A. Lowe10

Published Online: 5 JUL 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444323276.ch13

Understanding Sea-Level Rise and Variability

Understanding Sea-Level Rise and Variability

How to Cite

Church, J. A., Aarup, T., Woodworth, P. L., Wilson, W. S., Nicholls, R. J., Rayner, R., Lambeck, K., Mitchum, G. T., Steffen, K., Cazenave, A., Blewitt, G., Mitrovica, J. X. and Lowe, J. A. (2010) Sea-Level Rise and Variability: Synthesis and Outlook for the Future, in Understanding Sea-Level Rise and Variability (eds J. A. Church, P. L. Woodworth, T. Aarup and W. S. Wilson), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444323276.ch13

Editor Information

  1. 11

    Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research, Australia

  2. 12

    Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, Liverpool, UK

  3. 13

    Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, Unesco, Paris, France

  4. 14

    NOAA Satellite & Information Service, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    School of Civil Engineering and the Environment, and the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK

  2. 2

    Institute of Marine Engineering, Science and Technology, London, UK

  3. 3

    Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

  4. 4

    Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre, Australia

  5. 5

    College of Marine Sciences, University of South Florida, St. Petersburg, FL, USA

  6. 6

    CIRES (Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences), University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA

  7. 7

    Laboratoire d'Etudes en Géophysique et Océanographie, Toulouse, France

  8. 8

    Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology, University of Nevada, Reno, NV, USA

  9. 9

    Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA

  10. 10

    The Hadley Centre, Met Office, UK

  11. 11

    Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research, Australia

  12. 12

    Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, Liverpool, UK

  13. 13

    Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, Unesco, Paris, France

  14. 14

    NOAA Satellite & Information Service, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 JUL 2010
  2. Published Print: 20 AUG 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444334517

Online ISBN: 9781444323276

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Keywords:

  • sea-level rise and variability - synthesis and outlook for the future;
  • coastal zones, profound changes in 20th century - urbanization, major driver of change;
  • satellite altimetry, changes in ocean volume, satellite gravity - measuring changes in ocean mass;
  • regional distribution of sea-level rise;
  • ice sheet mass changes - influencing regional distribution of sea-level rise;
  • IPCC Third Assessment Report (TAR; IPCC 2001) projections of sea-level rise;
  • sea-level events - coastal flooding events of given height - occurring frequently;
  • sea level variations and impact on society;
  • planning for and early warning of extreme events - storm-surge modeling and operational application;
  • maintenance of accurate International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF) - ongoing Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS)

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Historical Sea-Level Change

  • Why is Sea Level Rising?

  • The Regional Distribution of Sea-Level Rise

  • Projections of Sea-Level Rise for the 21st Century and Beyond

  • Changes in Extreme Events

  • Sea Level and Society

  • References