Chapter 1. The Visible Flavonoids or Anthocyanins: From Research to Applications

  1. Celestino Santos-Buelga Professor4,
  2. Maria Teresa Escribano-Bailon Lecturer5 and
  3. Vincenzo Lattanzio Professor6
  1. Raymond Brouillard1,
  2. Stefan Chassaing2,
  3. Géraldine Isorez1,
  4. Marie Kueny-Stotz1 and
  5. Paulo Figueiredo3

Published Online: 20 APR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444323375.ch1

Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research, Volume 2

Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research, Volume 2

How to Cite

Brouillard, R., Chassaing, S., Isorez, G., Kueny-Stotz, M. and Figueiredo, P. (2010) The Visible Flavonoids or Anthocyanins: From Research to Applications, in Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research, Volume 2 (eds C. Santos-Buelga, M. T. Escribano-Bailon and V. Lattanzio), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444323375.ch1

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Food Chemistry Department of Analytical Chemistry, Nutrition and Food Science Faculty of Pharmacy University of Salamanca, Spain

  2. 5

    Area of Food Technology, Technical School of ‘Zamora’ University of Salamanca, Spain

  3. 6

    Plant Biochemistry and Physiology, Department of Agro-Environmental Sciences, Chemistry and Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy

Author Information

  1. 1

    Laboratoire de Chimie des Polyphénols, Faculté de Chimie (CNRS-UMR 7177), Université Strasbourg 1, 4, rue Blaise Pascal, 67070 Strasbourg, France

  2. 2

    LSPCMIB-Université Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse cedex 09, France

  3. 3

    Universidade Atlântica CEIDSS, Antiga Fábrica da Pólvora de Barcarena, Oeiras, 2730-036 Barcarena, Portugal

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2010
  2. Published Print: 18 JUN 2010

Book Series:

  1. Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research

Book Series Editors:

  1. Vincenzo Lattanzio

Series Editor Information

  1. University of Foggia, Italy

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405193993

Online ISBN: 9781444323375



  • visible flavonoids/anthocyanins - research and applications;
  • anthocyanins and flavonoids - plant polyphenolic color pigments;
  • anthocyanins copigmentation - anthocyanin color exaltation;
  • anthocyanins-cyclodextrin macrocycle inclusion complex formation;
  • ion-pair - mineral anion and the cationic flavylium form of pigment formation;
  • metalloanthocyanins - blue color origin in flowers;
  • malvin z-chalcones - unexpected ferric cation open cavities;
  • ferric cation bleaching effect - malvin structural form;
  • anthocyanin biological activity - antioxidant prooxidant effect on malignant cells;
  • anthocyanins as food colors and as fabric dyes


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Copigmentation of anthocyanins

  • Formation of inclusion complexes

  • Ion-pair formation

  • Metalloanthocyanins

  • Z-Chalcones: unexpected open cavities for the ferric cation

  • Anthocyanin biological activity

  • Some thoughts on applications

  • References