Chapter 9. Red Clover Derived Isoflavones: Metabolism and Physiological Effects in Cattle and Sheep and their Concentration in Milk Produced for Human Consumption

  1. Celestino Santos-Buelga Professor5,
  2. Maria Teresa Escribano-Bailon Lecturer6 and
  3. Vincenzo Lattanzio Professor7
  1. Juhani Taponen1,
  2. Eeva A. Mustonen1,
  3. Lea Kontio2,
  4. Ilkka Saastamoinen1,
  5. Aila Vanhatalo3,
  6. Hannu Saloniemi1 and
  7. Kristiina Wähälä4

Published Online: 20 APR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444323375.ch9

Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research, Volume 2

Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research, Volume 2

How to Cite

Taponen, J., Mustonen, E. A., Kontio, L., Saastamoinen, I., Vanhatalo, A., Saloniemi, H. and Wähälä, K. (2010) Red Clover Derived Isoflavones: Metabolism and Physiological Effects in Cattle and Sheep and their Concentration in Milk Produced for Human Consumption, in Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research, Volume 2 (eds C. Santos-Buelga, M. T. Escribano-Bailon and V. Lattanzio), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444323375.ch9

Editor Information

  1. 5

    Food Chemistry Department of Analytical Chemistry, Nutrition and Food Science Faculty of Pharmacy University of Salamanca, Spain

  2. 6

    Area of Food Technology, Technical School of ‘Zamora’ University of Salamanca, Spain

  3. 7

    Plant Biochemistry and Physiology, Department of Agro-Environmental Sciences, Chemistry and Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Production Animal Medicine, University of Helsinki, Paroninkuja 20, 04920 Saarentaus, Finland

  2. 2

    Department of Chemistry, Organic Chemistry Laboratory, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland

  3. 3

    Department of Animal Science, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 28, 00014 Helsinki, Finland

  4. 4

    Department of Chemistry, Organic Chemistry Laboratory, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 55, 00014 Helsinki, Finland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2010
  2. Published Print: 18 JUN 2010

Book Series:

  1. Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research

Book Series Editors:

  1. Vincenzo Lattanzio

Series Editor Information

  1. University of Foggia, Italy

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405193993

Online ISBN: 9781444323375

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Keywords:

  • red clover derived isoflavones - metabolism in ruminants;
  • red clover concentrations in sheep and cattle milk;
  • phytoestrogens in ruminant feeds - estrogen-like effects in mammals;
  • isoflavones source - red clover and soy;
  • soy as protein supplement - ruminant nutrition;
  • ruminants isoflavones metabolism;
  • equol - high estrogenic activity;
  • endogenous estrogens - estradiol - physiological effects;
  • phytoestrogens effects in sheep and cattle reproduction - infertility;
  • isoflavones antioxidant capacity

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Phytoestrogens in ruminant feeds

  • Red clover as a source of isoflavones

  • Metabolism of isoflavones in ruminants

  • Equol: the most important metabolite

  • Physiological effects and regulatory mechanisms of endogenous estrogens

  • Effects of phytoestrogens in sheep reproduction

  • Effects of phytoestrogens in cattle reproduction

  • Antioxidant capacity of isoflavones

  • New outlook

  • References