Chapter 2. B

  1. Michael Payne1 and
  2. Jessica Rae Barbera2

Published Online: 30 APR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444323450.ch2

A Dictionary of Cultural and Critical Theory, Second Edition

A Dictionary of Cultural and Critical Theory, Second Edition

How to Cite

Payne, M. and Barbera, J. R. (eds) (2010) B, in A Dictionary of Cultural and Critical Theory, Second Edition, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444323450.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Courtauld Institute of Art, UK

  2. 2

    University of Pittsburgh, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 APR 2010
  2. Published Print: 2 APR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405168908

Online ISBN: 9781444323450



  • Gaston Bachelard (1884–1962) - French scientist, philosopher, and literary theorist;
  • Etienne Balibar (1942–), French marxist theoretician - prominent in anti-racist campaigns in France;
  • Roland Barthes, (1915–80), French critic - innovative writings greatly influential in literary and cultural studies;
  • André Bazin, (1918–58), most influential Western intellectuals of twentieth century;
  • Simone de Beauvoir (1908–86), French philosopher and novelist - pioneering feminist philosopher;
  • Leonard Bernstein, (1918–90), US-born musician who gained international esteem and reputation;
  • binary opposition - relationship of opposition and mutual exclusion between two elements;
  • black aesthetic - aesthetic program propagated by practitioners of Black arts movement (1960);
  • black arts movement - separatist black cultural movement developed during middle and late 1960s;
  • Bertolt Brecht (1898–1956) - German playwright, poet, director, and theoretician


This chapter contains entries titled:

  • Bachelard, Gaston to Burke, Kenneth