Chapter Twenty-Nine. Germany

  1. John Horne Professor member
  1. Gerhard Hirschfeld Director Professor

Published Online: 19 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444323634.ch29

A Companion to World War I

A Companion to World War I

How to Cite

Hirschfeld, G. (2010) Germany, in A Companion to World War I (ed J. Horne), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444323634.ch29

Editor Information

  1. Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

Author Information

  1. University of Stuttgart, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 23 APR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405123860

Online ISBN: 9781444323634



  • Germany, foreign policy change - political relations between major European powers altering;
  • Germany, strong battle fleet - pursuit of Weltpolitik (world power);
  • Burgfrieden, “fortress truce” - no limit to consensus and social harmony attainment;
  • stabilization of western front, Germans facing a two-front war;
  • Battle of Tannenberg, spectacular German victory of the entire war;
  • disaster of Lusitania, liner sunk off southern coast of Ireland - Germany forced to suspend unrestricted U-boat warfare (May 1915);
  • war economy corporations (Kriegsgesellschaften), coordinated private enterprises at national level controlled by war raw materials office (Kriegsrohstoffamt);
  • “storm trooper”, deployment of smaller groups by officers with front-line experience;
  • Siegfried Line, heavily fortified concrete and steel defenses between Arras and Saint-Quentin


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • References and Further Reading