Chapter Thirty. German-Occupied Eastern Europe

  1. John Horne Professor member
  1. Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius Associate Professor

Published Online: 19 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444323634.ch30

A Companion to World War I

A Companion to World War I

How to Cite

Liulevicius, V. G. (2010) German-Occupied Eastern Europe, in A Companion to World War I (ed J. Horne), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444323634.ch30

Editor Information

  1. Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

Author Information

  1. University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 23 APR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405123860

Online ISBN: 9781444323634



  • German-occupied Eastern Europe, initial improvisation and sense of expanding possibilities;
  • views of Eastern Europe, conservative solidarity of dynastic and aristocratic elites of empires;
  • conquest and first impressions, territories damaged - setting the terms of the initial encounter;
  • establishing administrations, reconstruction of order behind eastern front;
  • German war aims, reordering of Eastern and central Europe;
  • experience of occupation, range of reactions - and ethnic diversity;
  • seeming German triumph, envisioning a chain of German-dependent states - growing strains with Austro-Hungary (1918);
  • German defeat on western front and collapse of German authority in occupied territories


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Earlier German Views of Eastern Europe

  • Conquest and First Impressions

  • Establishing Administrations

  • German War Aims

  • The Experience of Occupation

  • Seeming German Triumph in 1918

  • Romania

  • Ukraine

  • The Caucasus

  • Finland

  • Euphoric Vistas

  • Final Collapse and Consequences

  • References and Further Reading