Chapter Thirty-One. Italy

  1. John Horne Professor member
  1. Antonio Gibelli Professor founder

Published Online: 19 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444323634.ch31

A Companion to World War I

A Companion to World War I

How to Cite

Gibelli, A. (2010) Italy, in A Companion to World War I (ed J. Horne), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444323634.ch31

Editor Information

  1. Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

Author Information

  1. University of Genoa, Italy

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 23 APR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405123860

Online ISBN: 9781444323634



  • Italy, war shorter and less relevant than other fronts;
  • military effort, two million men in the front in late 1917–18 - social inequalities and tensions;
  • propaganda and organization of consent, conflict declining within political elites;
  • Caporetto and “enemy within” - contradictions latent in Italian war effort;
  • victory and postwar crisis, weak national identity and sense of citizenship highlighted;
  • issue of Fiume, illegal occupation by D'Annunzio;
  • Italy's war, generally considered marginal to history of World War I;
  • military effort - to be increasingly “total” in the way it applied to society and the economy;
  • victory and the postwar crisis


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • From Neutrality to Intervention

  • The Military Effort

  • Propaganda and the Organization of Consent

  • Caporetto and the “Enemy within”

  • Victory and the Postwar Crisis

  • References and Further Reading