Chapter Thirty-Two. Russia

  1. John Horne Professor member
  1. Eric Lohr MA, PhD founder chair assistant professor

Published Online: 19 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444323634.ch32

A Companion to World War I

A Companion to World War I

How to Cite

Lohr, E. (2010) Russia, in A Companion to World War I (ed J. Horne), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444323634.ch32

Editor Information

  1. Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

Author Information

  1. American University, Washington DC, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 23 APR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405123860

Online ISBN: 9781444323634



  • Russia, experience of total war changing meanings and practices of the nation, during war and in acts of memory;
  • Russia and the outbreak of war, declaration of the “Great Military Program” in 1912;
  • Russian war effort, efficient and sober mobilization;
  • February revolution, fall of the old regime;
  • failure of national mobilization, accumulation of losses - logic of continuing the fight questioned;
  • “great repartition,” expropriation of noble and individually owned land and fair distribution through communes;
  • Bolshevik revolution and Russian withdrawal from war - gaining control over military revolutionary committee


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • World War I and Russian Memory

  • Russia and the Outbreak of War

  • The Russian War Effort

  • Revolution

  • The Failure of National Mobilization

  • The Bolshevik Revolution and Russian Withdrawal from the War

  • References and Further Reading