Chapter Thirty-Three. The Ottoman Empire

  1. John Horne Professor member
  1. Hamit Bozarslan Director

Published Online: 19 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444323634.ch33

A Companion to World War I

A Companion to World War I

How to Cite

Bozarslan, H. (2010) The Ottoman Empire, in A Companion to World War I (ed J. Horne), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444323634.ch33

Editor Information

  1. Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

Author Information

  1. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, France

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 23 APR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405123860

Online ISBN: 9781444323634



  • Ottoman empire, deep involvement in broader cycle of violence - and breakup of empire;
  • “Young Turk” revolution, proclamation of Second Constitutional Monarchy in July 1908 - Bulgaria's formal independence;
  • population exchanges between Turkey and Greece, forced realignment of people with borders in postwar world;
  • Ottoman decision to go to war, imposition by external aggression;
  • 1908 revolution, divorce between westernized civil and military intelligentsia and the palace;
  • unionist worldview, gap between Committee's claim to represent nation and state and political practicalities;
  • militarism and war economy, unionist officers as key members of political regime;
  • new forms of violence, army as main agent of coercion against population;
  • end of Ottoman empire, dismantling empire and constitution of new states in former Arab provinces


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Ottoman Decision to Go to War

  • The Demographic Effects of the 1912–24 Wars and Population Exchanges

  • The New Political Elite: Turkish Nationalism and Pan-Islamism

  • The Unionist Worldview

  • Militarism and the War Economy

  • New Forms of Violence

  • The End of the Ottoman Empire

  • References and Further Reading