Chapter Thirty-Seven. War after the War: Conflicts, 1919–23

  1. John Horne Professor member
  1. Peter Gatrell Professor

Published Online: 19 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444323634.ch37

A Companion to World War I

A Companion to World War I

How to Cite

Gatrell, P. (2010) War after the War: Conflicts, 1919–23, in A Companion to World War I (ed J. Horne), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444323634.ch37

Editor Information

  1. Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

Author Information

  1. University of Manchester, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 23 APR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405123860

Online ISBN: 9781444323634



  • war after war - conflicts, Bolshevik revolution - struggle for legacy of disintegrating empires 1919–23;
  • revolutionary challenges and civil wars, “land question” provoking unease;
  • empires as battleground, transformation of geopolitics of continental Europe;
  • forms and instruments of violence, “dirty wars” by irregular troops and use of force against civilians;
  • sites of violence in post-1918 Europe and beyond - related mass violence to revolutionary upheavals and reconfiguration of territory;
  • Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and Estonia, relatively stable and successful;
  • beyond Europe, maintenance of imperial rule, with mass impoverishment - fanning flames of discord


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Revolutionary Challenges and Civil Wars

  • Empires as Battleground

  • Forms and Instruments of Violence

  • References and Further Reading