Chapter Thirty-Eight. Mourning and Memory, 1919–45

  1. John Horne Professor member
  1. Laurence Van Ypersele Professor

Published Online: 19 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444323634.ch38

A Companion to World War I

A Companion to World War I

How to Cite

Van Ypersele, L. (2010) Mourning and Memory, 1919–45, in A Companion to World War I (ed J. Horne), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444323634.ch38

Editor Information

  1. Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

Author Information

  1. Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 23 APR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405123860

Online ISBN: 9781444323634



  • mourning and memory, unprecedented shock of World War I - and the end of nineteenth-century optimism;
  • collective memory, distinction between “living” and “official” memory;
  • patterns of memory in interwar years, war experiences different from state to state;
  • mourning and hatred, 1918–24 - opposing war culture clashes culminating in peace settlement;
  • demobilizing minds, 1925 to 1930s - dismantling wartime attitudes and development of pacific mood;
  • cultural remobilization and engagement in World War II, deterioration of international situation in second half of 1930s;
  • until end of 1960s - different commemorative framework emerging;
  • historians denouncing abuses of memory, little attention to nature of such forms of memory


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Collective Memory

  • Patterns of Memory in the Interwar Years

  • Mourning and Hatred, 1918–24

  • Demobilizing Minds, 1925 to the Later 1930s

  • Cultural Remobilization and Engagement in World War II

  • References and Further Reading