23. Abnormal Urine Output and Renal Function

  1. David Vaughan,
  2. Neville Robinson,
  3. Nuala Lucas and
  4. Sabaratnam Arulkumaran

Published Online: 16 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444323948.ch23

Handbook of Obstetric High Dependency Care

Handbook of Obstetric High Dependency Care

How to Cite

Vaughan, D., Robinson, N., Lucas, N. and Arulkumaran, S. (2010) Abnormal Urine Output and Renal Function, in Handbook of Obstetric High Dependency Care, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444323948.ch23

Author Information

  1. Harrow and London, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 22 SEP 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405178211

Online ISBN: 9781444323948

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Keywords:

  • abnormal urine output and renal function;
  • acute renal failure (ARF), recent, reversible - reversible deterioration in renal function;
  • oliguria, less than 0.5 ml/kg/h - for one or more hours;
  • pre-renal failure - inadequate perfusion of otherwise normal kidneys;
  • hypovolaemia and hypotension, important causes - in renal failure;
  • abdominal compartment syndrome, intra-abdominal hypertension - faecal peritonitis, retroperitoneal haematoma, intestinal obstruction and post-operative complications;
  • nephrotoxic drugs, and NSAIDs - inhibiting renal prostaglandin synthesis;
  • hepato-renal syndrome, in chronic renal failure - functional renal failure and oliguria;
  • post-renal causes of ARF and urine findings in ATN - and pre-renal ARF;
  • oliguric patient management

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Oliguria

  • Diagnosis and investigations

  • Management of the oliguric patient

  • Polyuria