Chapter 4. World Languages: Trends and Futures

  1. Nikolas Coupland
  1. Ulrich Ammon

Published Online: 7 OCT 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444324068.ch4

The Handbook of Language and Globalization

The Handbook of Language and Globalization

How to Cite

Ammon, U. (2010) World Languages: Trends and Futures, in The Handbook of Language and Globalization (ed N. Coupland), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444324068.ch4

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 7 OCT 2010
  2. Published Print: 6 AUG 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405175814

Online ISBN: 9781444324068



  • World languages - trends and futures;
  • concept of ‘World Language’ - ranks and degrees;
  • plurality of ‘world languages’ or ‘global languages’;
  • World languages and their ranking order;
  • best indicators of internationality or globality of languages - extent of study as a foreign language;
  • number of native speakers as ‘numerical strength’ - indicator of internationality of languages;
  • English, as a medium of teaching - in non-Anglophone countries;
  • rise and stabilization of a single, World Lingua Franca


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Concept of ‘World Language’ : Ranks and Degrees

  • World Languages and Their Ranking Order

  • Non - Native Speakers

  • Native Speakers

  • Economic Strength

  • Official Status

  • Economy

  • Science

  • The Rise and Stabilization of a Single, World Lingua Franca

  • The Rise of New and the Continuation of Traditional Subordinate and Bilateral World Languages

  • References