Chapter 16. Missions

  1. Philip Goff Director Professor
  1. Wilbert R. Shenk Senior Professor

Published Online: 16 APR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444324082.ch16

The Blackwell Companion to Religion in America

The Blackwell Companion to Religion in America

How to Cite

Shenk, W. R. (2010) Missions, in The Blackwell Companion to Religion in America (ed P. Goff), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444324082.ch16

Editor Information

  1. Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis, USA

Author Information

  1. School of Intercultural Studies, Pasadena, CA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 APR 2010
  2. Published Print: 23 APR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405169363

Online ISBN: 9781444324082



  • missions;
  • Puritan settlement in New England - United States, associated with development of Christian missions;
  • twentieth century American missions, largest contributors to missions worldwide;
  • Christian missions' study, approaching from various angles;
  • first Puritans settlement in New England - missions to Massachusetts people;
  • Mayhew family, settling at Edgartown on Martha's Vineyard in 1641;
  • Jonathan Edwards, major figure in Evangelical Awakening;
  • first phase of American missions - to Indians, dismal failure with only a few Native American Christians;
  • the civilization - Christianization model coming under criticism;
  • Catholic missions - Catholic migrations to the US, missionaries from Europe, serving and building up church life


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Puritan Missions: 1641–1800

  • Modern Missions: 1800–1914

  • Twentieth Century Developments: 1914–2000

  • Conclusion

  • Bibliography