10. Gardens, Music, and Time

  1. Dan O'Brien PhD Research Fellow Associate Lecturer
  1. Ismay Barwell PhD senior lecturer1 and
  2. John Powell postgraduate, MA2

Published Online: 13 AUG 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444324563.ch10

Gardening - Philosophy for Everyone

Gardening - Philosophy for Everyone

How to Cite

Barwell, I. and Powell, J. (2010) Gardens, Music, and Time, in Gardening - Philosophy for Everyone (ed D. O'Brien), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444324563.ch10

Editor Information

  1. Oxford Brookes University, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

  2. 2

    pocket handkerchief in Wellington, New Zealand

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 AUG 2010
  2. Published Print: 24 SEP 2010

Book Series:

  1. Philosophy for Everyone

Book Series Editors:

  1. Fritz Allhoff

Series Editor Information

  1. Western Michigan University, USA

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444330212

Online ISBN: 9781444324563



  • gardens, music and time;
  • eighteenth-century philosopher, Immanuel Kant - the father of modern aesthetics;
  • In Critique of Judgement, taxonomy of fine arts (beaux arts) - arts of speech, formative arts and “the art of the beautiful play of sensations”;
  • formative arts, into plastic art, sculpture and architecture - and “painting proper” and “landscape gardening”;
  • belief that gardens - were works of visual art like painting, since Kant's time;
  • gardens, ideally not static - constantly developing, since they were first created;
  • change and the arts – performances, as sequences of events;
  • change in all living organisms - showing richness and complexity of the experiences of time;
  • gardens of all types - living and changing with time, no matter how subtly;
  • music, and passage of musical time – gardens, making passage of time visible


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Change and the Arts

  • Time and the Arts

  • Time and Change in Gardens

  • Music Makes the Passage of Time Audible

  • Gardens Make the Passage of Time Visible

  • Notes