Chapter 11. Misaligned Incentives and Trade-Offs in Allocating Conservation Funding

  1. Nigel Leader-Williams Professor of Biodiversity Management Director2,
  2. William M. Adams2 and
  3. Robert J. Smith Research Fellow Senior Fellow3
  1. Aaron Bruner Bachelor's degree Director,
  2. Eduard T. Niesten PhD Senior Director and
  3. Richard E. Rice Chief Conservation Officer Chief Economist

Published Online: 3 AUG 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444324907.ch11

Trade-Offs in Conservation: Deciding What to Save

Trade-Offs in Conservation: Deciding What to Save

How to Cite

Bruner, A., Niesten, E. T. and Rice, R. E. (2010) Misaligned Incentives and Trade-Offs in Allocating Conservation Funding, in Trade-Offs in Conservation: Deciding What to Save (eds N. Leader-Williams, W. M. Adams and R. J. Smith), Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444324907.ch11

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Downing Place, Cambridge CB2 3EN, UK

  2. 3

    Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, School of Anthropology and Conservation, Marlowe Building, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7NR, UK

Author Information

  1. Conservation International, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 3 AUG 2010
  2. Published Print: 10 SEP 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405193832

Online ISBN: 9781444324907



  • economics and governance;
  • misaligned incentives and trade-offs - conservation funding allocation;
  • conservation investments - for assessing their effectiveness;
  • context for conservation in developing countries - perverse incentives for funding allocations;
  • effective conservation in theory and practice;
  • costs and benefits distribution;
  • legal contexts, in developing countries - not providing ready means for organizations;
  • monitoring of on-the-ground conservation impacts - notably poor;
  • scarce conservation funds - not well allocated, growing awareness of problem;
  • conservation finance allocation, insufficient - fund allocation, marked change of direction


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Evaluating trade-offs in allocating scarce conservation funds

  • Effective conservation in theory and practice

  • Constraints to effective conservation in developing countries

  • Perverse incentives underpinning current conservation practice

  • Shifts in the right direction

  • Conclusions

  • Acknowledgments

  • References