Chapter 2. Prioritizing Trade-Offs in Conservation

  1. Nigel Leader-Williams Professor of Biodiversity Management Director3,
  2. William M. Adams3 and
  3. Robert J. Smith Research Fellow Senior Fellow4
  1. Kerrie A. Wilson BSc, DPhil Senior Lecturer Director1,
  2. Michael Bode Research Fellow2,
  3. Hedley Grantham Research Fellow1 and
  4. Hugh P. Possingham BSc, DPhil Director Fellow Professor Chair1

Published Online: 3 AUG 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444324907.ch2

Trade-Offs in Conservation: Deciding What to Save

Trade-Offs in Conservation: Deciding What to Save

How to Cite

Wilson, K. A., Bode, M., Grantham, H. and Possingham, H. P. (2010) Prioritizing Trade-Offs in Conservation, in Trade-Offs in Conservation: Deciding What to Save (eds N. Leader-Williams, W. M. Adams and R. J. Smith), Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444324907.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Downing Place, Cambridge CB2 3EN, UK

  2. 4

    Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, School of Anthropology and Conservation, Marlowe Building, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7NR, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Queensland, Australia

  2. 2

    Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (AEDA) Research Hub, University of Melbourne, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 3 AUG 2010
  2. Published Print: 10 SEP 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405193832

Online ISBN: 9781444324907



  • current approaches and toolkits;
  • prioritizing trade-offs in conservation;
  • trade-offs, exploration and optimization - and opportunity costs of decisions evaluated;
  • trade-offs, unavoidable part of decision making - multiple considerations or choices not properly aligned;
  • allocation of funds - in achieving conservation goals;
  • multiple zones and different trade-offs;
  • biodiversity maximization conservation - investment in range of conservation actions in time;
  • conservation planners and practitioners - conserving elements of biodiversity, species or habitat types;
  • trading off biodiversity - benefits and investment security;
  • proper problem formulation and data collation


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Background

  • Allocation of funds to achieve conservation goals

  • Allocation of funds through time subject to a fixed budget

  • There is more to conservation than biodiversity

  • How much time and resources should be spent on learning?

  • Trading off biodiversity benefit and investment security

  • Conclusions

  • References