Chapter 3. Trade-Offs in Identifying Global Conservation Priority Areas

  1. Nigel Leader-Williams Professor of Biodiversity Management Director7,
  2. William M. Adams7 and
  3. Robert J. Smith Research Fellow Senior Fellow8
  1. William Murdoch BSc, DPhil Professor1,
  2. Michael Bode Research Fellow2,
  3. Jon Hoekstra BS, MS, PhD Managing Director3,
  4. Peter Kareiva Chief Scientist4,
  5. Steve Polasky PhD Senior Staff Fellow5,
  6. Hugh P. Possingham BSc, DPhil Director Fellow Professor Chair6 and
  7. Kerrie A. Wilson BSc, DPhil Senior Lecturer Director6

Published Online: 3 AUG 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444324907.ch3

Trade-Offs in Conservation: Deciding What to Save

Trade-Offs in Conservation: Deciding What to Save

How to Cite

Murdoch, W., Bode, M., Hoekstra, J., Kareiva, P., Polasky, S., Possingham, H. P. and Wilson, K. A. (2010) Trade-Offs in Identifying Global Conservation Priority Areas, in Trade-Offs in Conservation: Deciding What to Save (eds N. Leader-Williams, W. M. Adams and R. J. Smith), Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444324907.ch3

Editor Information

  1. 7

    Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Downing Place, Cambridge CB2 3EN, UK

  2. 8

    Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, School of Anthropology and Conservation, Marlowe Building, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7NR, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of California at Santa Barbara, USA

  2. 2

    Applied Environmental Decision Analysis (AEDA) Research Hub, University of Melbourne, Australia

  3. 3

    University of Washington, USA

  4. 4

    The Nature Conservancy, USA

  5. 5

    University of Minnesota, USA

  6. 6

    University of Queensland, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 3 AUG 2010
  2. Published Print: 10 SEP 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405193832

Online ISBN: 9781444324907



  • trade-offs, in identifying global conservation priority areas;
  • global conservation priority areas - tackling fundamental trade-off of biodiversity conservation;
  • conservation non-governmental organizations (NGOs) - sharing a common mission;
  • Conservation International (CI), flexible global conservation resources on Biodiversity Hotspots;
  • thresholds identifying priority regions;
  • Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) - reactive conservation tools in tackling extinction causes;
  • threshold, second problem - and their critical value;
  • scoring systems identifying priority regions;
  • global conservation priority schemes - tools focusing on conservation actions;
  • Biodiversity Hotspots - static plans, fixed in dynamic environment of conservation actions, theory and data


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Background to global conservation priority schemes

  • Methods in relation to goals

  • Thresholds for identifying priority regions

  • Scoring systems for identifying priority regions

  • General issues relating to existing approaches

  • Return on investment

  • Conclusions

  • Acknowledgments

  • References