Chapter 4. Trade-Offs in Making Ecosystem Services and Human Well-Being Conservation Priorities

  1. Nigel Leader-Williams Professor of Biodiversity Management Director3,
  2. William M. Adams3 and
  3. Robert J. Smith Research Fellow Senior Fellow4
  1. Rebecca L. Goldman PhD Senior Scientist1,
  2. Gretchen C. Daily Director Senior Fellow Chair2 and
  3. Peter Kareiva Chief Scientist professor1

Published Online: 3 AUG 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444324907.ch4

Trade-Offs in Conservation: Deciding What to Save

Trade-Offs in Conservation: Deciding What to Save

How to Cite

Goldman, R. L., Daily, G. C. and Kareiva, P. (2010) Trade-Offs in Making Ecosystem Services and Human Well-Being Conservation Priorities, in Trade-Offs in Conservation: Deciding What to Save (eds N. Leader-Williams, W. M. Adams and R. J. Smith), Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444324907.ch4

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Downing Place, Cambridge CB2 3EN, UK

  2. 4

    Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, School of Anthropology and Conservation, Marlowe Building, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7NR, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    The Nature Conservancy, USA

  2. 2

    Stanford University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 3 AUG 2010
  2. Published Print: 10 SEP 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405193832

Online ISBN: 9781444324907



  • trade-offs - making ecosystem services and human well-being conservation priorities;
  • Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) - reframing conservation as activity benefitting people;
  • ecosystem services - new bandwagon in conservation;
  • trade-offs in project outcomes, biodiversity as objective of World Bank development projects;
  • biodiversity sites and ecosystem service provision - congruence between them;
  • ecosystem service and species conservation importance;
  • regional win–wins, geographic areas - for locally advantageous conservation priority sites;
  • financial support - conserving ecosystem services and biodiversity;
  • protected area strategies, exacerbating poverty as former land users - evicted from their lands;
  • International agreement at World Summit on Sustainable Development - biodiversity and


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Congruence between important sites for biodiversity and ecosystem service provision

  • Financial support for conserving ecosystem services and biodiversity

  • Do World Bank projects achieve conservation and development goals?

  • Integrating multiple ecosystem services in a mapping tool

  • Conclusions

  • Acknowledgments

  • References