Chapter Five. The Informational Value of Names

  1. Frank Jackson

Published Online: 13 AUG 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444325362.ch5

Language, Names, and Information

Language, Names, and Information

How to Cite

Jackson, F. (2010) The Informational Value of Names, in Language, Names, and Information, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444325362.ch5

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 AUG 2010
  2. Published Print: 6 AUG 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405161589

Online ISBN: 9781444325362

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Keywords:

  • informational value of names;
  • how names deliver information - shared ir-content for sentences containing a given name;
  • When truth at a world depends - on more than how that world is;
  • “Some things are square” - its truth at a world, depending on how that world is;
  • ir-content of a sentence, set of worlds - whose actuality is consistent with truth of sentence;
  • functions from worlds to truth or falsity;
  • key idea diagram - functioning from worlds to truth values, centered worlds to truth values;
  • There is water nearby” and “Gödel lived in Princeton” - what people mean about how things are when they use “water” and “Gödel”;
  • evidential role of intuitions - about possible cases;
  • issue about narrow content - set of centered worlds, actuality consistent with truth of “Water is F

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Where we are

  • When truth at a world depends on more than how that world is

  • A diagram to give the key idea

  • A language where truth at a world is, by stipulation, a function of which world is actual

  • On looking for examples of two–dimensional sentences in the English of the folk

  • How should we approach questions like, How do we use the word “water”? and, How do we use the word “Gödel”?

  • More on the evidential role of intuitions about possible cases

  • What information do we impart with the word “water”–first pass

  • With enemies like these, who needs friends?16

  • What information do we impart with the word “water”–second pass

  • The issue about narrow content18

  • Proper names and information (I)

  • Proper names and information (II)

  • Coda