9. Biogeography, Ecology, and Vulnerability of Chemosynthetic Ecosystems in the Deep Sea

  1. Alasdair D. McIntyre
  1. Maria C. Baker1,
  2. Eva Z. Ramirez-Llodra2,
  3. Paul A. Tyler1,
  4. Christopher R. German3,
  5. Antje Boetius4,
  6. Erik E. Cordes5,
  7. Nicole Dubilier4,
  8. Charles R. Fisher6,
  9. Lisa A. Levin7,
  10. Anna Metaxas8,
  11. Ashley A. Rowden9,
  12. Ricardo S. Santos10,
  13. Tim M. Shank3,
  14. Cindy L. Van Dover11,
  15. Craig M. Young12 and
  16. Anders Warén13

Published Online: 23 NOV 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444325508.ch9

Life in the World's Oceans: Diversity, Distribution, and Abundance

Life in the World's Oceans: Diversity, Distribution, and Abundance

How to Cite

Baker, M. C., Ramirez-Llodra, E. Z., Tyler, P. A., German, C. R., Boetius, A., Cordes, E. E., Dubilier, N., Fisher, C. R., Levin, L. A., Metaxas, A., Rowden, A. A., Santos, R. S., Shank, T. M., Van Dover, C. L., Young, C. M. and Warén, A. (2010) Biogeography, Ecology, and Vulnerability of Chemosynthetic Ecosystems in the Deep Sea, in Life in the World's Oceans: Diversity, Distribution, and Abundance (ed A. D. McIntyre), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444325508.ch9

Editor Information

  1. The University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    School of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, Empress Dock, European Way, Southampton SO14 3ZH, UK

  2. 2

    Institut de Ciències del Mar, Passeig Maritim de la Barceloneta, 37-49, E-08003 Barcelona, Spain

  3. 3

    Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, 02543, USA

  4. 4

    Max Planck Institute for Microbiology, Celsiusstrasse 1. D-28359 Bremen, Germany

  5. 5

    Department of Biology, Temple University, BL248J, 1900 N 12th Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

  6. 6

    Pennsylvania State University, 208 Muller Laboratory, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA

  7. 7

    Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Integrative Oceanography Division, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, California 92093-0218, USA

  8. 8

    Department of Oceanography, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 4J1, Canada

  9. 9

    National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, P.B. 14 - 901, Wellington, New Zealand

  10. 10

    Department of Oceanography and Fisheries, University of the Azores, PT-9901-862, Horta, Portugal

  11. 11

    Duke University Marine Laboratory, Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, 135 Marine Lab Road, Beaufort, North Carolina 28516, USA

  12. 12

    Oregon Institute of Marine Biology, P.O. Box 5389, Charleston, Oregon, USA

  13. 13

    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Box 50007 (Frescativän 44) SE-10405, Stockholm, Sweden

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 NOV 2010
  2. Published Print: 8 OCT 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405192972

Online ISBN: 9781444325508



  • biogeography, ecology, and vulnerability - of chemosynthetic ecosystems in deep sea;
  • life based on energy of the deep;
  • research and findings, relating to Census of Marine Life ChEss project;
  • adaptations to “extreme” environment;
  • chemosynthetic islands - a biogeographic puzzle with missing pieces;
  • deep-sea investigations - of chemosynthetic ecosystems;
  • species new to science, described or identified by TAWNI awardees - during ChEss project;
  • exploring remote polar regions;
  • deep-sea ecosystems, supporting one of the highest biodiversities of planet - and important natural and mineral resources


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Life Based on Energy of the Deep

  • Finding New Pieces of the Puzzle (2002–2010)

  • Limits to Knowledge

  • Human Footprints in Deep-Water Chemosynthetic Ecosystems

  • Conclusions

  • Acknowledgments

  • References