Chapter 4. Development and Evolution Revisited

  1. Kathryn E. Hood2,
  2. Carolyn Tucker Halpern3,
  3. Gary Greenberg4 and
  4. Richard M. Lerner5
  1. Mae Wan Ho

Published Online: 13 AUG 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444327632.ch4

Handbook of Developmental Science, Behavior, and Genetics

Handbook of Developmental Science, Behavior, and Genetics

How to Cite

Ho, M. W. (2010) Development and Evolution Revisited, in Handbook of Developmental Science, Behavior, and Genetics (eds K. E. Hood, C. T. Halpern, G. Greenberg and R. M. Lerner), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444327632.ch4

Editor Information

  1. 2

    The Pennsylvania State University, USA

  2. 3

    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA

  3. 4

    Wichita State University, USA

  4. 5

    Tufts University, USA

Author Information

  1. Institute of Science in Society, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 AUG 2010
  2. Published Print: 13 SEP 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405187824

Online ISBN: 9781444327632



  • development and evolution revisited;
  • epigenetics, mediating between psychosocial and biological realms - shaping our development and future evolution;
  • grandparent effect and epigenetic inheritance;
  • epigenetic inheritance - structural adaptation of chromosomal regions;
  • epigenesis, organisms not preformed in germ cells - process of development with environment playing a formative role;
  • Gilbert Gottlieb, inspiration and role model - earliest proponents of epigenetic approach in animal behavior;
  • Lamarck's theory of evolution;
  • genetic paradigm and neo-Darwinism;
  • neutral mutation theory, inspired by earlier discoveries - giving rise to idea of “molecular clock”;
  • DNA recoding–rewriting genome DNA - central features of immune and nervous systems


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Grandparent Effect and Epigenetic Inheritance

  • “Epigenetic” Then and Now

  • Gilbert Gottlieb's Legacy

  • Lamarck's Theory of Evolution

  • Darwin and the Neo-Darwinian Synthesis

  • Evolution, Development, and Heredity

  • The Genetic Paradigm and Neo-Darwinism

  • The Revival of Epigenetic Approaches Since Darwin and the Neo-Darwinian Synthesis

  • Waddington's Theory of Canalization and Genetic Assimilation

  • Ho and Saunders' Epigenetic Theory of Evolution

  • Rational Taxonomy Based on the Generative Dynamics of Biological Form

  • Natural Selection and Molecular Evolution

  • Epigenetic Complexity vs Genetic Diversity, Macroevolution vs Microevolution

  • The Demise of the Genetic Paradigm and Mechanistic Biology

  • The Vanishing Gene

  • Subverting and Rewriting the Genetic Text

  • Adaptive Mutations, When to Mutate or Not to Mutate

  • Heredity and Evolution in the Light of the New Genetics and Epigenetics

  • Genetic and Epigenetic Paradigms in the Study of Behavior

  • Maternal “Instinct” Deconstructed

  • Epigenetics of Maternal Behavior

  • The Epigenetic Approach and the Continuity between Development and Evolution

  • References