9. Nicotine

  1. Professor G. Hussein Rassool PhD, MSc, BA, FRSPH, ILTM Cert. Ed., Cert. Couns., Cert. Director Visiting Professor Formerly Senior Lecturer1,2,3

Published Online: 4 SEP 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444327816.ch9

Addiction for Nurses

Addiction for Nurses

How to Cite

Rassool, G. H. (2010) Nicotine, in Addiction for Nurses, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444327816.ch9

Author Information

  1. 1

    Departamento de Psiquiatria e Ciências Humanas da Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil

  2. 2

    Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil

  3. 3

    Department of Addictive Behaviour and Psychological Medicine, Centre for Addiction Studies, St George's University of London, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 SEP 2010
  2. Published Print: 15 OCT 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405187466

Online ISBN: 9781444327816



  • nicotine;
  • strategy on tobacco smoking;
  • nicotine withdrawal symptoms;
  • tobacco smoking, single greatest cause of preventable illness and premature death - one of the most widely used psychoactive substances;
  • health risk factors associated with active cigarette smoking - cancer, cardiovascular disease, respiratory diseases, diabetes type 2, sexual health problems and maternal health problems;
  • WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) - world's first global public health treaty;
  • addictive nature of nicotine, contributing to toxic or adverse effects - resulting in high morbidity and mortality rates;
  • maternal smoking during pregnancy - a direct growth, retarding effect on fetus delaying physical and mental development of infants;
  • expired carbon monoxide (ECO) level - measured as carbon monoxide levels, indicator of amount of tobacco smoke inhaled by individual smoker;
  • main forms of pharmacological treatment - nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and antidepressant bupropion


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Strategy on tobacco smoking

  • Nicotine addiction

  • Harmful effects of tobacco smoke

  • Nicotine withdrawal symptoms

  • Assessment and intervention strategies

  • Health gains and benefits of smoking cessation

  • References