14. Socially Conscious Criticism of the Earlier Twentieth Century

  1. M. A. R. Habib

Published Online: 24 FEB 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781444328004.ch14

Literary Criticism from Plato to the Present: An Introduction

Literary Criticism from Plato to the Present: An Introduction

How to Cite

Habib, M. A. R. (2010) Socially Conscious Criticism of the Earlier Twentieth Century, in Literary Criticism from Plato to the Present: An Introduction, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444328004.ch14

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 24 FEB 2012
  2. Published Print: 7 JAN 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405160346

Online ISBN: 9781444328004

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Keywords:

  • socially conscious criticism - of the earlier twentieth century;
  • the Great Depression of the 1930s - rise of fascism, literature and criticism in Europe and America, from formalism toward socially conscious mode;
  • Leavis, sharing with Eliot and the New Critics - that literary criticism, separate and serious discipline;
  • Leavis's essay “Sociology and Literature” - “a real literary interest is an interest in man, society and civilization, and its boundaries cannot be drawn”;
  • Hegelian Marxist thought, and Hegel - that consciousness in all of its cultural modes is active in creating the world;
  • fundamental principles of Marxism;
  • tradition of Marxism, powerful and sustained critique - of capitalist institutions and ethics;
  • Marx and Engels, a “materialist conception of history” - driven by class struggle;
  • Marxist literary criticism, and Marxist aesthetics - persistent core of predispositions about literature and art deriving from Marx and Engels;
  • Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, central role - in Russian Revolution of 1917 and in unfolding of Marxist aesthetics

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • F. R. Leavis

  • Marxist and Left-Wing Criticism

  • The Fundamental Principles of Marxism

  • Marxist Literary Criticism: A Historical Overview

  • Early Feminist Criticism: Simone de Beauvoir and Virginia Woolf