13. No Radicalization without Identification

How Ethnic Dutch and Dutch Muslim Web Forums Radicalize Over Time

  1. Assaad E. Azzi Professor director1,
  2. Xenia Chryssochoou Associate Professor2,
  3. Bert Klandermans Professor3 and
  4. Bernd Simon Professor Directors4
  1. Jacquelien van Stekelenburg post-doctoral researcher,
  2. Dirk Oegema social psychologist assistant professor and
  3. Bert Klandermans Professor

Published Online: 12 OCT 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444328158.ch13

Identity and Participation in Culturally Diverse Societies

Identity and Participation in Culturally Diverse Societies

How to Cite

van Stekelenburg, J., Oegema, D. and Klandermans, B. (2010) No Radicalization without Identification, in Identity and Participation in Culturally Diverse Societies (eds A. E. Azzi, X. Chryssochoou, B. Klandermans and B. Simon), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444328158.ch13

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium

  2. 2

    Panteion University (Athens, Greece)

  3. 3

    Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

  4. 4

    Christian-Albrechts-University in Kiel, Germany

Author Information

  1. Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 OCT 2010
  2. Published Print: 8 OCT 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405199476

Online ISBN: 9781444328158



  • no radicalization without identification - how ethnic Dutch and Dutch Muslim web forums radicalize over time;
  • relations in Europe's migrant societies - polarizing;
  • The Internet – Web forums – a “place” where dynamics of radicalizing public debates is observed;
  • opposing forums, computer-mediated conversational arenas - seen as digital reflection of – or even part of – public debates;
  • radicalizing debates - on two opposing Web Forums;
  • intergroup incident impact - on radicalizing debates;
  • social categorization - attention for social categories, how frequently social categories as ethnic, religious, and national groups are mentioned;
  • Dutch Muslim debate, radicalizing more than ethnic Dutch debate and why it is so;
  • intergroup relations, between ethnic Dutch and Dutch Muslims being observed


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • No Radicalization without Identification

  • Radicalizing Debates on Two Opposing Web Forums

  • To Conclude

  • References