Chapter 3. Causality and the Environmental Hypotheses of ADHD

  1. Chris Chandler

Published Online: 13 AUG 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444328172.ch3

Science of ADHD, The

Science of ADHD, The

How to Cite

Chandler, C. (2010) Causality and the Environmental Hypotheses of ADHD, in Science of ADHD, The, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444328172.ch3

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 AUG 2010
  2. Published Print: 24 SEP 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405162340

Online ISBN: 9781444328172



  • causality and environmental hypotheses of ADHD;
  • ADHD etiology - a psychiatric holy grail;
  • neurobiological cause of ADHD - gaining momentum;
  • finding causality in sciences - in psychological sciences, a great challenge;
  • accuracy of diagnosis - paramount in searching for etiology;
  • ADHD, human condition, cannot inflict it upon someone - for experimental purposes;
  • Kathy Hoopman's All Dogs Have ADHD - not a problem seen naturally in animals;
  • assuring confidence in animal model - predictive, face and construct validity;
  • environment in utero - pregnancy, birth complications and teratology;
  • environmental changes as causal factors - not restricting only to ADHD


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Causality

  • Animal Models of ADHD

  • The Environment

  • Summary