Chapter 4. Psychological Theories of ADHD

  1. Chris Chandler

Published Online: 13 AUG 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444328172.ch4

Science of ADHD, The

Science of ADHD, The

How to Cite

Chandler, C. (2010) Psychological Theories of ADHD, in Science of ADHD, The, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444328172.ch4

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 AUG 2010
  2. Published Print: 24 SEP 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405162340

Online ISBN: 9781444328172

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Keywords:

  • psychological theories of ADHD;
  • information processing changes in ADHD - memory, impulsivity and executive functions;
  • executive functions, high-level cognitive processes - controlling lower-level processes;
  • essence of executive function (EF) - manager of workers that together produce a product (behavior);
  • frontal lobes, associated with a Theory of Mind (ToM);
  • impulsivity and behavioral/response inhibition;
  • Stop-Signal Reaction Time task (SSRT) and Go/No-go task - measures of behavioral inhibition;
  • impulsive behaviors, automatic and executed without thinking;
  • error awareness, shown to be reduced in ADHD;
  • Working memory (WM) - accepted, dominant neurocognitive construct

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Impulsivity and Behavioral/Response Inhibition

  • Alerting, Orienting, and Executive Functioning – Separate Circuits in ADHD

  • Working Memory

  • The Supervisory Attentional System

  • Brown's Executive Functioning Model

  • The Cognitive-Energetic Model

  • Summary