2. Health considerations in the recycling of water and use of treated wastewater in agriculture and other non-potable purposes

  1. Guy J. Levy,
  2. Pinchas Fine and
  3. Asher Bar-Tal
  1. Hillel Shuval

Published Online: 23 NOV 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444328561.ch2

Treated Wastewater in Agriculture: Use and Impacts on the Soil Environment and Crops

Treated Wastewater in Agriculture: Use and Impacts on the Soil Environment and Crops

How to Cite

Shuval, H. (2010) Health considerations in the recycling of water and use of treated wastewater in agriculture and other non-potable purposes, in Treated Wastewater in Agriculture: Use and Impacts on the Soil Environment and Crops (eds G. J. Levy, P. Fine and A. Bar-Tal), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444328561.ch2

Editor Information

  1. Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel

Author Information

  1. Hadassah Academic College-Jerusalem and The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 NOV 2010
  2. Published Print: 5 NOV 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405148627

Online ISBN: 9781444328561

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Keywords:

  • health considerations in water recycling - treated wastewater use in agriculture and non-potable purposes;
  • health considerations and pathogenic microorganism control - wastewater in agriculture;
  • raw domestic wastewater - pathogenic microorganisms, agents of bacterial, viral and protozoan diseases;
  • survival times of enteric pathogens - in water, wastewater, soil and on crops;
  • disease transmission by wastewater-irrigation;
  • illness associated with wastewater-irrigation - of crops eaten raw;
  • wastewater use effects in agriculture - London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine-(LSHTM);
  • highly restrictive reuse guidelines and standards impact;
  • World Bank and WHO - extensive multidisciplinary study on health effects of wastewater-irrigation;
  • disability adjusted life years (DALY) - health of population or burden of disease, specific disease or risk factors

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Rationale: why should society allow, regulate, and thus encourage exposure of the population to known health risks?

  • Persistence of pathogenic microorganisms in water, soil, and on crops from wastewater-irrigation

  • Disease transmission by wastewater-irrigation

  • Control of crops and irrigation methods to reduce health risks

  • Development of health standards and guidelines for wastewater use

  • Conclusions

  • References