6. Toxic Elements

  1. Guy J. Levy,
  2. Pinchas Fine and
  3. Asher Bar-Tal
  1. Uri Yermiyahu1,
  2. Alon Ben-Gal1,
  3. Rami Keren3 and
  4. Uzi Kafkafi2

Published Online: 23 NOV 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444328561.ch6

Treated Wastewater in Agriculture: Use and Impacts on the Soil Environment and Crops

Treated Wastewater in Agriculture: Use and Impacts on the Soil Environment and Crops

How to Cite

Yermiyahu, U., Ben-Gal, A., Keren, R. and Kafkafi, U. (2010) Toxic Elements, in Treated Wastewater in Agriculture: Use and Impacts on the Soil Environment and Crops (eds G. J. Levy, P. Fine and A. Bar-Tal), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444328561.ch6

Editor Information

  1. Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel

Author Information

  1. 1

    Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, Israel

  2. 2

    The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel

  3. 3

    Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 NOV 2010
  2. Published Print: 5 NOV 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405148627

Online ISBN: 9781444328561

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Keywords:

  • toxic elements - boron;
  • arid and semiarid regions treated wastewater (TWW) - water for irrigation;
  • concentration of B in soil solution - strongly affected by B-soil chemical interactions;
  • concentration of B in TWW - rates of B discharged during industrial and domestic processes;
  • boron concentrations, in sources of sewage water;
  • boron chemistry in aqueous media;
  • boron transport in soils and B available - for plant uptake, function of B concentration in soil solution;
  • salinity, influencing B-soil interactions;
  • boron – crop interactions - plant function and B nutrition;
  • chemical properties of fresh and treated wastewater (TWW) - for irrigation in lysimeter experiment;
  • chlorides in treated wastewater - and effects on plants;
  • chlorine in lithosphere;
  • sewage water input, carrying dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC);
  • optimal plant growth - requiring only micro quantities of Cl;
  • chloride concentrations (mmol Cl/l) in extracted saturated soil solution;
  • effects of irrigation with TWW - containing high Cl concentrations on crops;
  • recycled water irrigation, environmentally sound wastewater disposal practice;
  • sewage salinity in Israel - water softening process, and meat “kosher” process in slaughter houses;
  • foliar damage by Cl in sprinkler irrigated TWW;
  • chloride, essential micronutrient in plants

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Boron

  • Chlorides in treated wastewater and their effects on plants

  • References