7. Heavy Metals in Soils Irrigated with Wastewater

  1. Guy J. Levy,
  2. Pinchas Fine and
  3. Asher Bar-Tal
  1. Amir Hass1,2,
  2. Uri Mingelgrin3 and
  3. Pinchas Fine3

Published Online: 23 NOV 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444328561.ch7

Treated Wastewater in Agriculture: Use and Impacts on the Soil Environment and Crops

Treated Wastewater in Agriculture: Use and Impacts on the Soil Environment and Crops

How to Cite

Hass, A., Mingelgrin, U. and Fine, P. (2010) Heavy Metals in Soils Irrigated with Wastewater, in Treated Wastewater in Agriculture: Use and Impacts on the Soil Environment and Crops (eds G. J. Levy, P. Fine and A. Bar-Tal), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444328561.ch7

Editor Information

  1. Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel

Author Information

  1. 1

    Agricultural and Environmental Research Station, Gus R. Douglass Land-Grant Institute, West Virginia State University, Institute WV, USA

  2. 2

    USDA-ARS, Appalachian Farming Systems Research Center, Beaver, West Virginia, USA

  3. 3

    Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 NOV 2010
  2. Published Print: 5 NOV 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405148627

Online ISBN: 9781444328561

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Keywords:

  • heavy metals in soils - irrigated with wastewater;
  • irrigation with treated municipal effluents - economic, cost-effective option sewage water recycling;
  • soil–plant system, medium in which applied TWW - polished to environmentally acceptable quality;
  • cation exchange capacity (CEC) texture;
  • heavy metals, in municipal wastewater - in association with suspended solids;
  • heavy metal attenuation - of soils irrigated with effluents;
  • retention capacity of soils for heavy metals - given metal, associated with soil solid phase;
  • anoxic and low redox conditions - in soil bulk, saturated and unsaturated soils;
  • Monterey wastewater reclamation study;
  • pH of soil, easily adjustable parameter - as metals' behavior and fate are concerned

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • List of acronyms

  • Introduction

  • Heavy metals in effluents

  • Organic matter: composition in wastewater effluents and behavior in soil

  • Attenuation of heavy metals in soils irrigated with effluents

  • Loading limits of metals

  • Metals: interaction with soil components

  • Distribution of metals among the soil's solid fractions

  • The stability, pH and Eh of free oxides, and their effect on the geochemical distribution of metals

  • Heavy metal solubility and speciation in the soil solution

  • Mobility of heavy metals in the soil profile

  • Availability to plants

  • Summary and conclusions

  • References