8. Salinity

  1. Guy J. Levy,
  2. Pinchas Fine and
  3. Asher Bar-Tal
  1. Nico E. Marcar1,
  2. Tivi Theiveyanathan1 and
  3. Daryl P. Stevens2

Published Online: 23 NOV 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444328561.ch8

Treated Wastewater in Agriculture: Use and Impacts on the Soil Environment and Crops

Treated Wastewater in Agriculture: Use and Impacts on the Soil Environment and Crops

How to Cite

Marcar, N. E., Theiveyanathan, T. and Stevens, D. P. (2010) Salinity, in Treated Wastewater in Agriculture: Use and Impacts on the Soil Environment and Crops (eds G. J. Levy, P. Fine and A. Bar-Tal), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444328561.ch8

Editor Information

  1. Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel

Author Information

  1. 1

    CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems, Canberra, Australia

  2. 2

    Arris Pty Ltd, Richmond, Victoria, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 NOV 2010
  2. Published Print: 5 NOV 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405148627

Online ISBN: 9781444328561

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Keywords:

  • salinity;
  • salinity occurrence, markedly across field locations - initial salinity and site characteristics;
  • saline soils, soluble salts - highly variable, spatially and temporally;
  • salinity, its measurement, treated wastewater (TWW, recycled water) salinity;
  • salinity effects on plant growth - and water use;
  • salinity in soil and/or water increases - reducing plant growth;
  • plants, varying in susceptibility to osmotic and toxicity effects - from salinity;
  • plant available water (PAW), amount of water in soil nominally available for plant growth;
  • irrigation with water recycled from sewage effluent;
  • saline drainage water management - from irrigation of recycled water

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The nature of salinity

  • Measuring salinity

  • Mechanism of soil salinisation

  • Salinity in wastewater

  • Effects of salinity on plant growth and water use

  • Water use

  • Managing root-zone salinity

  • Summary and conclusions

  • References