7. Health Claims and Dietary Guidance in the United States: Case “Reduced Cardiovascular Disease Risk”

  1. Wolfgang Kneifel2 and
  2. Seppo Salminen3
  1. Alice H. Lichtenstein

Published Online: 1 DEC 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444329384.ch7

Probiotics and Health Claims

Probiotics and Health Claims

How to Cite

Lichtenstein, A. H. (2011) Health Claims and Dietary Guidance in the United States: Case “Reduced Cardiovascular Disease Risk”, in Probiotics and Health Claims (eds W. Kneifel and S. Salminen), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444329384.ch7

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Food Science and Technology, Boku – University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Vienna, Austria

  2. 3

    Functional Foods Forum, University of Turku, Turku, Finland

Author Information

  1. Friedman School, Tufts University, Boston, Massachussetts, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 DEC 2010
  2. Published Print: 7 JAN 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405194914

Online ISBN: 9781444329384



  • health claims and dietary guidance in the United States - case “Reduced Cardiovascular Disease Risk”;
  • general area of regulating health claims - and crafting dietary guidance, challenging;
  • United States, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) - jurisdiction for health claims, involving food, with exception of advertisements;
  • “health claim” having two parts - food, food component or dietary ingredient and disease or health-related condition;
  • two current FDA-sanctioned categories of health claims - authorized health claims and qualified health claims;
  • authorized health claims, on basis of significant scientific agreement;
  • Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) – regulatory process governing structure/function claims, for nutrients or dietary ingredients;
  • standards - for nutrient content claims;
  • three major pieces of legislation, governing FDA sanctioned health claims - Nutrition Labeling and Education Act, Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act and Consumer Health Information for Better Nutrition Initiative;
  • dietary reference intakes (DRI) values - new standards for nutrient adequacy, replacing former Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) values


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Types of health claims

  • Legislation governing US health claims

  • Dietary guidance to reduce cardiovascular disease risk

  • Current challenges