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Emesal (Sumerian dialect)

  1. Piotr Michalowski

Published Online: 26 OCT 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781444338386.wbeah24071

The Encyclopedia of Ancient History

How to Cite

Michalowski, P. 2012. Emesal (Sumerian dialect). The Encyclopedia of Ancient History. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 OCT 2012


Emesal – that is, E M E S A L, literally “thin tongue” – is a dialect or sociolect of the Sumerian Language that is restricted to direct speech of goddesses and women in certain types of literary texts, in particular lamentations, divine love songs, a dialogue, proverbs, a “lullaby,” and a few more.


  • ancient Near East history;
  • historical linguistics;
  • linguistics