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  1. Brigitte Lion

Published Online: 26 OCT 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781444338386.wbeah24146

The Encyclopedia of Ancient History

How to Cite

Lion, B. 2012. Misharum. The Encyclopedia of Ancient History. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 OCT 2012


The justice of the sovereign was exalted in the royal ideology of early second-millennium Mesopotamia. This concept of justice had two distinct aspects, kittum (from the root k-w-n, “to be stable”), which guaranteed to each his due, and misharum (from ’-š-r, “to be straight,” factitive “make straight”), rectification of troublesome situations.


  • ancient Near East history;
  • justice;
  • legal history