6. The Lauric (Coconut and Palm Kernel) Oils

  1. Frank D. Gunstone
  1. Ibrahim Nuzul Amri

Published Online: 17 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444339925.ch6

Vegetable Oils in Food Technology: Composition, Properties and Uses, Second Edition

Vegetable Oils in Food Technology: Composition, Properties and Uses, Second Edition

How to Cite

Amri, I. N. (2011) The Lauric (Coconut and Palm Kernel) Oils, in Vegetable Oils in Food Technology: Composition, Properties and Uses, Second Edition (ed F. D. Gunstone), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444339925.ch6

Editor Information

  1. 3 Dempster Court, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9EU, Scotland, UK

Author Information

  1. Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6 Persiaran Institusi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 1 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444332681

Online ISBN: 9781444339925

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Keywords:

  • lauric (coconut and palm kernel) oils;
  • ‘lauric oils’, oils containing high levels of lauric acid - as coconut oil (CO), palm kernel oil (PKO), babassu, tukum, murumuru, ouricuri, cohune and some cuphea oils;
  • virgin coconut oil (VCO), oil from fresh, mature kernel of coconut - mechanical or natural means;
  • Virgin coconut oil specifications - Philippine and Malaysian standards;
  • triacylglycerol composition, TAG - separated and quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), or by high-temperature programmed gas chromatography;
  • Codex (2009) standard for crude/virgin - and refined CO- chemical and physical characteristics of a vegetable oil - for quality control, standardisation and trading purposes;
  • trade specifications, and quality parameters of oils and fats - part of commercial contracts;
  • palm kernels, harvested FFB - transportation to a palm oil mill, sterilised with steam to inactivate enzymes and microorganisms;
  • crude palm kernel oil (CPKO), co-product of crude palm oil (CPO) - primary oil derived from oil palm;
  • MEOMA (2006/2007) parameters for other PKO products - export-quality requirements for PKO, according to MEOMA and the Malaysian Standard

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Coconut oil

  • Palm kernel oil

  • Processing

  • Food uses

  • Health aspects

  • References