8. Groundnut (Peanut) Oil

  1. Frank D. Gunstone
  1. Lisa L. Dean,
  2. Jack P. Davis and
  3. Timothy H. Sanders

Published Online: 17 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444339925.ch8

Vegetable Oils in Food Technology: Composition, Properties and Uses, Second Edition

Vegetable Oils in Food Technology: Composition, Properties and Uses, Second Edition

How to Cite

Dean, L. L., Davis, J. P. and Sanders, T. H. (2011) Groundnut (Peanut) Oil, in Vegetable Oils in Food Technology: Composition, Properties and Uses, Second Edition (ed F. D. Gunstone), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444339925.ch8

Editor Information

  1. 3 Dempster Court, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9EU, Scotland, UK

Author Information

  1. United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Market Quality and Handling Research Unit, Box 7624, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7624, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 1 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444332681

Online ISBN: 9781444339925

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Keywords:

  • groundnut (peanut) oil;
  • groundnut oil, expressed from seed of Arachis hypogaea L. - groundnut, peanut, or earth nut;
  • Aflatoxin, potentially carcinogenic compound - produced by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, invading peanuts, corn, cottonseed and other commodities;
  • oil uses, frying and cooking - greatest use of peanut oil;
  • peanut oil, subjected to standard extraction procedures - uses of peanut oil, not requiring hydrogenation;
  • oil content, about 48–50% - independent of market type or growth habit;
  • high-oleic peanut oil - peanut lines with a high-oleic acid trait, incorporated into commercial peanut varieties;
  • triacylglycerol composition and structure - in areas of nutrition, oil stability and physiological effects;
  • viscosity and density - physical parameters central to vegetable oil quality;
  • peanut allergy, associated with - higher incidence of fatal food-induced anaphylaxis than other food allergies

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Peanut production, history, and oil extraction

  • Oil uses

  • Composition of groundnut oil

  • Chemical and physical characteristics of groundnut oil

  • Health issues

  • Note

  • References