2. Clinical Diagnosis of Symptoms Associated with the Respiratory System

  1. Phil Jevon RN, BSc (Hons), PGCE Resuscitation
  1. Gareth Walters BSc (Hons), MBChB MRCP (UK), MRCP (London), FHEA, MinstLM, LCGI

Published Online: 16 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444340051.ch2

Clinical Diagnosis

Clinical Diagnosis

How to Cite

Walters, G. (2011) Clinical Diagnosis of Symptoms Associated with the Respiratory System, in Clinical Diagnosis (ed P. Jevon), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444340051.ch2

Editor Information

  1. Clinical Skills Lead, Manor Hospital, Walsall, UK

Author Information

  1. University of Birmingham, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 18 MAR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444335163

Online ISBN: 9781444340051



  • clinical diagnosis of symptoms - and respiratory system;
  • understanding clinical diagnosis of symptoms - with respiratory system;
  • acute breathlessness - breathlessness (or dyspnoea), difficulty in breathing;
  • patients, feeling breathless - not appearing breathless on examination;
  • serious and life-threatening cardiac and respiratory disorders - and acute breathlessness;
  • rapid assessment of acutely ill patient - the airway, breathing, circulation, disability and exposure (ABCDE) rule;
  • pleural effusion, and endobronchial lung cancer - risk of lobar, complete lung collapse;
  • acute and chronic cough causes - reference to associated features;
  • gastrooesophageal reflux disease (GORD) - clinical features;
  • haemoptysis, coughing up of blood - from lungs or airways


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Learning Outcomes

  • Acute Breathlessness

  • Cough

  • Haemoptysis

  • Inspiratory Stridor

  • References