7. Clinical Diagnosis of Symptoms Associated with the Genitourinary System

  1. Phil Jevon RN, BSc (Hons), PGCE Resuscitation
  1. Dev Mittapalli MBBS, MRCS, PGCME1 and
  2. Dev Mohan Gulur MBBS, MRCS2

Published Online: 16 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444340051.ch7

Clinical Diagnosis

Clinical Diagnosis

How to Cite

Mittapalli, D. and Gulur, D. M. (2011) Clinical Diagnosis of Symptoms Associated with the Genitourinary System, in Clinical Diagnosis (ed P. Jevon), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444340051.ch7

Editor Information

  1. Clinical Skills Lead, Manor Hospital, Walsall, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Birmingham, UK

  2. 2

    SpR in Urology, Mersey, Rotation, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 18 MAR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444335163

Online ISBN: 9781444340051



  • clinical diagnosis of symptoms - associated with genitourinary system;
  • anuria and oliguria - symptoms of different stages of acute renal failure;
  • renal failure, and causes - three categories, pre-renal, renal and post-renal;
  • family history of renal stones - pre-existing renal calculus and hypercalcaemia, indicating post-renal failure;
  • oliguria in trauma and post-operative patients - due to hypovolaemia, unless proven otherwise;
  • polyuria, excessive urine production - in excess of 3L/day;
  • urethral discharge, abnormal secretion - purulent/seropurulent in urethra;
  • incontinence, or involuntary leakage of urine;
  • stress incontinence, poor pelvic musculature - prolonged vaginal delivery and severe stretching of muscles;
  • urinary retention, one common cause - for acute urological admissions


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Learning Outcomes

  • Anuria and Oliguria

  • Polyuria

  • Urethral Discharge

  • Dysuria

  • Incontinence

  • Scrotal Swelling

  • Retention of Urine

  • Gynaecomastia

  • References