3. Design Coding: Mediating the Tyrannies of Practice

  1. Steve Tiesdell2 and
  2. David Adams3
  1. Matthew Carmona

Published Online: 13 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444341188.ch3

Urban Design in the Real Estate Development Process

Urban Design in the Real Estate Development Process

How to Cite

Carmona, M. (2011) Design Coding: Mediating the Tyrannies of Practice, in Urban Design in the Real Estate Development Process (eds S. Tiesdell and D. Adams), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444341188.ch3

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Urban Studies, University of Glasgow, UK

  2. 3

    Urban Studies, University of Glasgow, UK

Author Information

  1. UCL, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 20 MAY 2011

Book Series:

  1. RICS Research

Book Series Editors:

  1. Stephen Brown4,
  2. John Henneberry5,
  3. K. W. Chau6 and
  4. Elaine Worzala7

Series Editor Information

  1. 4

    Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors, UK

  2. 5

    Department of Town & Regional Planning, University of Sheffield, USA

  3. 6

    Department of Real Estate and Construction, The University of Hong Kong, UK

  4. 7

    Department of Real Estate, Johns Hopkins University, USA

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405192194

Online ISBN: 9781444341188

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • better quality places;
  • design codes;
  • integrated development;
  • professional discourse;
  • stakeholder co-ordination;
  • tyranny by architects;
  • tyranny by developers;
  • tyranny by regulators

Summary

attributes the poor design quality of much recent development to three tyrannies of practice, which accord undue power respectively to architects (the creative tyranny), developers (the market tyranny) and bureaucrats (the regulatory tyranny). While these tyrannies represent extremes, they each lead to sub-standard development solutions based on conflict, compromise and delay. Design codes offer a site-specific tool that breaks through these conflicting tyrannies by providing clarity on expected design quality. This creates certainty for developers and local communities and helps to deliver faster development. The chapter reports detailed research to show how design codes provide an effective means to deliver better places by integrating (and trading off) the requirements of creative, market and regulatory stakeholders. Despite criticism from prominent architects and others, design codes are seen to have the potential to ensure greater co-ordination of development, enhanced economic value, a more certain planning process as well as better quality development.